Our Prophet’s first Wahy
When our Prophet was forty years old, on a day of Ramadan, he went again to the cave on Mount Hira and started tafakkur (contemplation). It was the 17th of Ramadan, Monday night. After midnight he heard a voice calling his name. When he raised his head and looked around, he heard again the same voice and saw that, a nûr (light) suddenly covered everywhere. It was Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ (Archangel Gabriel) that came and said, “Read!” Then, our Master, the Prophet replied, “I am not literate!” After this reply the Angel had tightly held our Prophet till he became weak and then said, “Read!” Our Prophet said again, “I am not literate!” Then the Angel tightly held him again and said, “Read!” When our Prophet said, “I am not literate!” the Angel tightly held him for the third time. Then he left our Prophet and brought the first, five âyats (verses) of ’Alaq Sûra purporting, “(O Muhammad!) Read! In the name of thy Lord, Allah Who created everything. He created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood (’alaq)! Read, and thy Lord (Allah) is Most bountiful! He, Who taught (with the use of) the Pen, taught man which he knows not.” And Muhammad (’alaihis-salâm) recited with him. The first verse had been revealed as so and thus the Sun of Islâm which enlightens the entire universe, rose.
With a great anxiety and excitement, our Master Rasûlullah sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam went out of the cave on Mount Hira and started descending. When he came to the middle of the mountain, he heard a voice. Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ said to him, “O Muhammad! You are the Messenger of Allahu ta’âlâ and I am Jabrâil.” Then, he struck his heel on the ground. A spring came out of where he struck. He started making a ritual ablution. Our Master, the Prophet was watching him carefully. When Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ finished his ablution, he told our Master, the Prophet to perform a ritual ablution as he saw. After our Master, the Prophet finished his ablution, Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ became imam (When Muslims perform namâz ‘the ritual prayer’ in congregation ‘jamâ’at’, one of them leads, conducts namâz. He is called the imâm.) and they made a prayer of two rakâts. After this, Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ said, “O Muhammad! Your Rabb has sent you His greetings!” He continued, by saying, “He said ‘You are My Messenger to jîns (genies) and human beings. Therefore, invite them to believe in the tawhîd (the oneness, unity, of Allahu ta’âlâ). Then he ascended to the sky. Thus, our beloved Prophet had both seen and spoke with Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’.
Our Master, the Prophet heard every stone and tree, near which he passed by, saying to him “Assalâmu ’alaika yâ Rasûl-Allâh,” until he arrived at his home of bliss. When he entered his house he said, “Cover me! Cover me!” and had taken a rest until his anxiety calmed down. Then he told our mother Hadrat Khadîja what he had seen and said, “Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ has disappeared yet I have not been able to get over the grandeur, strength and fear of him. I was afraid of being called as mad and blackened by the people.” Hadrat Khadîja who was ready and had been waiting for these circumstances and these days said, “May Allahu ta’âlâ protect you. Haqq ta’âlâ grants you blessings and He wills nothing except blessings for you. For the sake of Allahu ta’âlâ, I believe that you will be the Prophet of this ummat (community). Because, you like guests, you tell the truth and you are trustworthy. You help the weak, protect the orphans, and favor the needy. You are good natured. The owner of these traits is fearless.”
Then, to ask about this situation, they went to Waraqa bin Nawfal. Waraqa, after listening to what our Master Rasûlullah told him, said, “O Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’! I swear by Allahu ta’âlâ that you are the last prophet whom Hadrat Îsâ (Jesus) announced. The angel who was seen by you is Jabrâil ‘alaihis-salâm’ who came to Mûsâ (Moses) ‘alaihis-salâm’ before you. Ah! I wish I were young now, and reached the time when they will expel you from Mecca, so I could help you. Very soon, you will be ordered to communicate the religion and to make the holy war.” Then, he kissed the blessed hand of our Master, the Prophet. He died not much later than this meeting.