Ashâb-i kirâm were in grief
The Ashâb-i kirâm were in grief and could not feel at ease in their homes. They gathered in the masjid. In order to obtain information about the state of our Master, the Prophet, they sent Hadrat Ali to the presence of our Prophet. Then the Master of the worlds, expressing himself by making signs, asked, “What are my Companions saying?” Hadrat Ali said, “They are in a deep sorrow and dither fearing that Rasûlullah will leave us!…” Then our beloved Prophet, who pities his Companions so much, rose, enduring the intensity of his illness, and came to the masjid by leaning on Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Fadl bin Abbâs. He mounted the minbar and after praising Allahu ta’âlâ, he said to the Ashâb-i kirâm, “O my Ashâb! I have heard that you are worried about my death. Has any Prophet remained with his ummat eternally, so that you expect me to remain with you till eternity? Be it known that I am going to attain my Rabb (Allah). I advise you to respect the notables of Muhâjirs. O Muhâjirs! My advice to you is this: Do good to the Ansâr! They were good towards you. They granted you asylum in their homes. Although they had difficulty in making their living, they gave you preference over themselves. They shared their property with you. If any one of you takes command over them, let him take care of them and forgive them their faults.” Then he gave them some beautiful, effective advice and stated, “Allâhu ta’âlâ has granted a born slave of His the choice between staying in this world or attaining his Rabb (Allah). That born slave has preferred to attain his Rabb.” This statement of his showed that he was going to pass away soon. Abû Bakr as-Siddîq ‘radiy-Allâhu anh’ understood what this statement meant and began to weep, saying, “May our lives be sacrificed for your sake, O the Messenger of Allah!” Rasûl-i akram‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam,’ by saying “Don’t cry O Abâ Bakr,” ordered him that he must endure and be patient. Tears were falling from his blessed eyes. He declared, “O my Ashâb! I am pleased with Abû Bakr, who sacrificed his property faithfully and with ikhlâs for the sake of Dîn-i Islam. Were it possible to acquire a friend on one’s way to the next world, I would choose him.” Then he ordered that those Sahâbîs whose doors opened into the Masjîd-i sherîf should close their doors, with the exception of Abû Bakr ‘radiy-Allâhu anh’. Then he dismounted the minbar (pulpit) and went back to the room of our mother, Hadrat Âisha. The Ashâb-i kirâm started to weep. Thereupon, by leaning on Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Fadl bin Abbâs, our Master, the Prophet came to the masjid once again and said to the Ashâb-i kirâm by standing on the lower step of the minbar: “O Muhâjirs, O Ansâr! When the time for something is known, there is no use for hurrying to attain it. Allahu ta’âlâ does not hurry in regard to any of His slaves. If a person attempts to change the qadhâ and qadar (fate and destiny) of Allahu ta’âlâ and overpower His Will, He will subdue him with His Wrath and ruin him. If a person tries to trick and deceive Allahu ta’âlâ, he will deceive himself and lose control of his own affairs. Be it known that I am compassionate and merciful towards you. You will attain the blessing of meeting me again. The place you will meet me is by the pond (called) Kawthar. He, who wishes to enter Paradise and attain the blessing of being with me there, should not talk idly. O Muslims! Disbelief and committing sins will cause change in the blessings and decrease one’s sustenance. If people obey the commandments of Allahu ta’âlâ; their governmental leaders, commanders, governors will be merciful and benign towards them. If they are wicked, indecent, inordinate and sinful, they will not attain merciful leaders. As my life has been useful to you, so my death will bring you goodness and compassion, too. If I unjustly beat or insulted any one of you, I am ready for him to take his due by retaliation; or if I seized anyone’s property unjustly, I am ready for his demanding the return of it, I am ready to return their rights. For, worldly punishment is far less vehement than that which will be inflicted in the Hereafter. It is easier to endure.” As he expressed his pleasure about Hadrat Abû Bakr previously, this time he expressed his pleasure about Hadrat ’Umar in his sermon and said, “’Umar is with me and I am with him. After me, justice will be with ’Umar.” After the sermon, he dismounted the minbar. Having then performed the namâz, he mounted the minbar again, expressed his last will and testament, and gave some more advice. Finally he stated, “I entrust you to Allahu ta’âlâ,” and honored his room with his blessed presence.