The father of mankind
The father of mankind, Âdam (’alaihi ’s-salâm), when he descended onto the earth, had made recourse to our Master, the Prophet. Our beloved Prophet related this incident in one of his hadîth-i sherîfs as follows, “When Âdam (’alaihi ’s-salâm) had erred and was taken out of Paradise; he said, ‘Oh my Rabb! Forgive me for the love of Muhammad (’alaihis-salâm)!’ Allahu ta’âlâ accepted his prayer and asked, ‘How do you know My Beloved Prophet Muhammad (’alaihis-salâm)? I have not created him yet!’ He answered, ‘When You created me, as soon as I opened my eyes I saw Lâ ilâha illallâh Muhammadun Rasûlullâh written on the edges of the ’Arsh; it stated his name with Yours, showing Your love for him.’ And Allahu ta’âlâ said, ‘Oh Âdam! You have told the truth! He is the most loved of all My creatures. As you have asked forgiveness for his sake, I have accepted your prayer and forgiven you’.” According to another report, He decreed, “He is a Prophet who will be one of your decendants. If I had not created him, I wouldn’t have created you and your descendants. Since you had recourse to him as an intercessor, I have forgiven you.”
There are thousands of examples about this. Some of them are stated below:
A man blind in both eyes asked Rasûlullah (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) to pray so that his eyes could see. Rasûlullah said, “I will pray if you wish, but it will be better if you have patience and endure it.” “I have no power left to endure. I beg you to pray,” the blind Muslim replied. Then our Master, the Prophet ordered him, “Perform an ablution and say the prayer!” “Allâhumma innî as’aluka wa atawajjahu ilaika bi-Nabiyyika Muhammadin Nabiy-yir-rahmati. Ya Muhammad! Innî atawajjahu bika ilâ Rabbî fî hâjatî li-taqdiya lî Allâhumma shaffi’hu fiyya.” Al-Imâm an-Nasâ’î (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ), a hadîth ’âlim (scholar), reported that, when the blind man prayed, Allahu ta’âlâ accepted his prayer and he recovered.
About making tawassul with our Master Rasûlullah, Hadrat ’Uthman bin Hanîf, narrated the following event, “When ’Uthmân bin ’Affân (radî-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhumâ) was the Khalîfa (Caliph), someone who was in great trouble told me about his personal grief and that he was ashamed of going to the Khalîfa. I told him to perform an ablution and to go to Masjid as- Sa’âda and say the prayer which restored the blind Muslim’s sight.
That poor man, after saying the prayer, went to the Khalîfa. He was received. The Khalîfa had him sit on his prayer rug and listened to him, his trouble, and accepted his request.” That poor man, seeing his problems solved at once, came to ’Uthmân bin Hanîf and cheerfully said, “May Allahu ta’âlâ bless you! I wouldn’t have been able to get rid of these troubles if you hadn’t had a word with the Khalîfa.” He supposed that ’Uthman bin Hanîf had spoken with the Khalîfa.
Once a famine took place during the caliphate of ’Umar (radî- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh). Hadrat Bilâl bin Hars (radî-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh), a sahâbî, went to Rasûlullah’s (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) tomb and said, “O Rasûlullah! Your umma (companions) are starving to death. I beg you to intercede for [us that it shall] rain.” That night, he dreamed of Rasûlullah, saying, “Go to the Khalîfa! Give my salâm to him and tell him to go out to pray for rain!” Hadrat ’Umar went out to pray for rain, and it started raining.
Allahu ta’âlâ accepts prayers for the sake of His beloved servants. Allahu ta’âlâ declared that He greatly loves Muhammad (’alaihis-salâm). Therefore, if someone prays saying, “Allâhumma innî as’aluka bijâh-i Nabiyyika ’l-Mustafâ,” his prayer will not be refused. But it is against âdâb to make an intercessor of Rasûlullah (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) for unimportant, mundane affairs.
“Burhân ad-dîn Ibrâhîm al-Mâlikî (rahimah-Allâhu ta’âlâ), told about a very poor man who went to the Hujrat as-Sa’âda and said, “Oh Rasûlullah! I am hungry.” After a while, someone came and took him to his house and served him food. When the poor man said that his prayer had been accepted, the host said, “My Brother! You left your family at home and had a long, strenuous journey to visit Rasûlullah; is it appropriate to enter Rasûlullah’s audience for a morsel of food? You should have asked for Paradise and endless favors in that high, noble audience. Allahu ta’âlâ does not refuse requests there.” Those who attain the honor of visiting Rasûlullah should pray for him to intercede for them on the Day of Judgment.
One day Imâm Abu Bakr al-Mukrî, along with al-Imâm at-Tabarânî and Abu Shaikh (rahimahum-Allâhu ta’âlâ), were sitting in Masjid as-Sa’âda. After having gone a few days without eating, they were very hungry. At last, Imâm Abu Bakr, being unable to endure any more, said, “I am hungry, O Rasûlullah!” and retired into a corner. A noble person, who was a sayyid, came with his two servants and said, “My Brethren! You have asked my grandfather, Rasûlullâh (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) to help you find food. He ordered me to satiate you.” They all ate together. He left them the remaining food and departed.